The second issue is authentication. For Aadhaar to succeed in transferring benefits to the deserving poor, the primary concern must be to ensure that people who are illiterate and in far-flung areas should not be left out because they are unable to participate in a technical process. What happens when there is no electricity or internet connectivity in a truly remote area?
The third issue to sort out is about the Aadhaar authorities getting paid for the use of the process or data by private players. Microfinance organisations, for example, prefer to lend only to people with two identifications, one of them being Aadhaar. Can an individual ask for a share of the revenue that Aadhaar earns by allowing use of her individual data? Even more interestingly, can the Aadhaar authorities charge a fee from private developers of apps which seek to extract value from the Aadhaar data base? These open questions must be deliberated upon openly and transparently by the authorities concerned even as the operational details for implementing Aadhaar under a new legislative framework are finalised.