uid

When I opposed Aadhaar in 2010 , I was called a BJP stooge. In 2016 I am still opposing Aadhaar for the same reasons and I am told I am a Congress die hard. No one wants to see why I oppose Aadhaar as it is too difficult. Plus Aadhaar is FREE so why not get one ? Ram Krishnaswamy

First they ignore you, then they laugh at you, then they fight you, then you win. -Mahatma Gandhi

In matters of conscience, the law of the majority has no place. Mahatma Gandhi

“The invasion of privacy is of no consequence because privacy is not a fundamental right and has no meaning under Article 21. The right to privacy is not a guaranteed under the constitution, because privacy is not a fundamental right.” Article 21 of the Indian constitution refers to the right to life and liberty -Attorney General Mukul Rohatgi

“There is merit in the complaints. You are unwittingly allowing snooping, harassment and commercial exploitation. The information about an individual obtained by the UIDAI while issuing an Aadhaar card shall not be used for any other purpose, save as above, except as may be directed by a court for the purpose of criminal investigation.” -A three judge bench headed by Justice J Chelameswar said in an interim order.

Legal scholar Usha Ramanathan describes UID as an inverse of sunshine laws like the Right to Information. While the RTI makes the state transparent to the citizen, the UID does the inverse: it makes the citizen transparent to the state, she says.

Good idea gone bad
I have written earlier that UID/Aadhaar was a poorly designed, unreliable and expensive solution to the really good idea of providing national identification for over a billion Indians. My petition contends that UID in its current form violates the right to privacy of a citizen, guaranteed under Article 21 of the Constitution. This is because sensitive biometric and demographic information of citizens are with enrolment agencies, registrars and sub-registrars who have no legal liability for any misuse of this data. This petition has opened up the larger discussion on privacy rights for Indians. The current Article 21 interpretation by the Supreme Court was done decades ago, before the advent of internet and today’s technology and all the new privacy challenges that have arisen as a consequence.
Rajeev Chandrasekhar, MP Rajya Sabha

“What is Aadhaar? There is enormous confusion. That Aadhaar will identify people who are entitled for subsidy. No. Aadhaar doesn’t determine who is eligible and who isn’t,” Jairam Ramesh

But Aadhaar has been mythologised during the previous government by its creators into some technology super force that will transform governance in a miraculous manner. I even read an article recently that compared Aadhaar to some revolution and quoted a 1930s historian, Will Durant. Rajeev Chandrasekhar, Rajya Sabha MP

“I know you will say that it is not mandatory. But, it is compulsorily mandatorily voluntary,” Jairam Ramesh, Rajya Saba April 2017


Special

Here is what the Parliament Standing Committee on Finance, which examined the draft N I A Bill said.

1. There is no feasibility study of the project]

2. The project was approved in haste

3. The system has far-reaching consequences for national security

4. The project is directionless with no clarity of purpose

5. It is built on unreliable and untested technology

6. The exercise becomes futile in case the project does not continue beyond the present number of 200 million enrolments

7. There is lack of coordination and difference of views between various departments and ministries of government on the project

Quotes

What was said before the elections:

NPR & UID aiding Aliens – Narendra Modi

"I don't agree to Nandan Nilekeni and his madcap (UID) scheme which he is trying to promote," Senior BJP Leader Yashwant Sinha, Sept 2012

"All we have to show for the hundreds of thousands of crore spent on Aadhar is a Congress ticket for Nilekani" Yashwant Sinha.(27/02/2014)

TV Mohandas Pai, former chief financial officer and head of human resources, tweeted: "selling his soul for power; made his money in the company wedded to meritocracy." Money Life Article

Nilekani’s reporting structure is unprecedented in history; he reports directly to the Prime Minister, thus bypassing all checks and balances in government - Home Minister Chidambaram

To refer to Aadhaar as an anti corruption tool despite overwhelming evidence to the contrary is mystifying. That it is now officially a Rs.50,000 Crores solution searching for an explanation is also without any doubt. -- Statement by Rajeev Chandrasekhar, MP & Member, Standing Committee on Finance

Finance minister P Chidambaram’s statement, in an exit interview to this newspaper, that Aadhaar needs to be re-thought completely is probably the last nail in its coffin. :-) Financial Express

The Rural Development Ministry headed by Jairam Ramesh created a road Block and refused to make Aadhaar mandatory for making wage payment to people enrolled under the world’s largest social security scheme NRGA unless all residents are covered.


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Sunday, April 3, 2016

9725 - India has started linking Jan Dhan scheme, Aadhaar and mobile numbers: Arun Jaitley - Live Mint

Last Modified: Sat, Apr 02 2016. 01 40 AM IST

India has started linking Jan Dhan scheme, Aadhaar and mobile numbers: Arun Jaitley

Database of 1.2 billion bank accounts, 900 million phones and 1 billion Aadhaars under the Jan Dhan-Aadhaar-Mobile plan will ensure subsidies reach only the needy, says finance minister


Arun Jaitley said mobile banking will be promoted to leverage the huge infrastructure available at lower cost. Photo: PTI

New Delhi: To roll out its ambitious JAM trinity plan to directly transfer subsidies to intended beneficiaries and eliminate intermediaries and leakages, the government has started linking the Jan Dhan scheme, Aadhaar numbers and mobile numbers of individuals, finance minister Arun Jaitley said on Friday.
The JAM (short for Jan Dhan-Aadhaar-Mobile) trinity was first proposed in the Economic Survey 2014-15.

Delivering the K.R. Narayanan Memorial Lecture at the Australian National University, Canberra, Jaitley said the database of 1.2 billion bank accounts, when linked with 900 million mobile phones and about 1 billion Aadhaar numbers, would effectively ensure the subsidies reach only those who actually need them.

“So far, our estimates show about Rs.170 billion (Rs.17,000 crore) of subsidy has been saved on cooking gas alone. Parliament has now approved the bill granting statutory status to Aadhaar which will further accelerate Aadhaar seeding in bank accounts,” he said.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi in March said his government plans to extend direct benefit transfer (DBT) to food, kerosene and fertilizers, a day after the Lok Sabha passed the Aadhaar bill that seeks to confer statutory legitimacy to the unique identification project that will serve as a central pillar of the subsidy regime.

Economic Survey 2015-16 pointed out that in rural areas, the level of preparedness for implementation of the JAM trinity for effective delivery of the government’s social security schemes is low. With last-mile financial inclusion lagging, the survey stressed the need for improving the business correspondent (BC) network to ensure that the exclusion risk is satisfactorily addressed.

“Despite huge improvements in financial inclusion due to Jan Dhan, the JAM preparedness indicators suggest there is still some way to go before bank-beneficiary linkages are strong enough to pursue DBT without committing exclusion errors. In that sense, the JAM agenda is currently jammed by the last-mile challenge of getting money from banks into beneficiaries’ hands, especially in rural India,” the survey said.

“Jan Dhan’s vision must truly succeed before much of India can JAM,” it added.

The survey said the centre can invest in last-mile financial inclusion by further improving BC networks and promoting the spread of mobile money. The recent licensing of new banks will help. It also pitched for increasing the commission rates for business correspondents to ensure they are incentivized to remain active.

S.L. Rao, former chairman of the Institute for Social and Economic Change, said if mobile banking could take off in African countries, India should also be able to implement the JAM trinity.

However, Rao said the thin spread of physical branches may come in the way of withdrawal of money by beneficiaries. “I hope post offices and the newly-licensed payment banks can play a big role towards this end,” he added.

Jaitley said the government was also bringing about several reform measures for the promotion of payments through cards and digital means. The cabinet in February approved measures to promote payments through cards and other electronic means to check tax evasion and ease the transition to a cashless economy.

“The goal of the proposed policy changes is to replace the use of cash, either in government transactions or in regular commerce, by providing the necessary incentives to use digital financial transactions over a period of time through policy intervention. These measures will further strengthen our efforts in financial inclusion as it will be ensured that each eligible account holder under the Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana is provided access to digital financial services in addition to the RuPay Card,” Jaitley said.

In this regard, Jaitley said the government was developing PayGov India, which will be developed as a “single unified portal” across central, state governments and their public sector undertakings for collection purposes.

“Wherever needed, the departments/ministries shall make modifications in the rules and regulations that may have been issued so that appropriate changes are incorporated to allow payments/receipts by using cards/digital means also,” he added.

Jaitley said mobile banking will be promoted to leverage the huge infrastructure available at lower cost.

“This will also bring efficiency in payments system and ensure that merchants/consumers can leverage their credit history to access instant, low-cost micro-credit through digital means and create necessary linkages between payments transaction history and credit information,” he said.