uid

When I opposed Aadhaar in 2010 , I was called a BJP stooge. In 2016 I am still opposing Aadhaar for the same reasons and I am told I am a Congress die hard. No one wants to see why I oppose Aadhaar as it is too difficult. Plus Aadhaar is FREE so why not get one ? Ram Krishnaswamy

First they ignore you, then they laugh at you, then they fight you, then you win. -Mahatma Gandhi

In matters of conscience, the law of the majority has no place. Mahatma Gandhi

“The invasion of privacy is of no consequence because privacy is not a fundamental right and has no meaning under Article 21. The right to privacy is not a guaranteed under the constitution, because privacy is not a fundamental right.” Article 21 of the Indian constitution refers to the right to life and liberty -Attorney General Mukul Rohatgi

“There is merit in the complaints. You are unwittingly allowing snooping, harassment and commercial exploitation. The information about an individual obtained by the UIDAI while issuing an Aadhaar card shall not be used for any other purpose, save as above, except as may be directed by a court for the purpose of criminal investigation.” -A three judge bench headed by Justice J Chelameswar said in an interim order.

Legal scholar Usha Ramanathan describes UID as an inverse of sunshine laws like the Right to Information. While the RTI makes the state transparent to the citizen, the UID does the inverse: it makes the citizen transparent to the state, she says.

Good idea gone bad
I have written earlier that UID/Aadhaar was a poorly designed, unreliable and expensive solution to the really good idea of providing national identification for over a billion Indians. My petition contends that UID in its current form violates the right to privacy of a citizen, guaranteed under Article 21 of the Constitution. This is because sensitive biometric and demographic information of citizens are with enrolment agencies, registrars and sub-registrars who have no legal liability for any misuse of this data. This petition has opened up the larger discussion on privacy rights for Indians. The current Article 21 interpretation by the Supreme Court was done decades ago, before the advent of internet and today’s technology and all the new privacy challenges that have arisen as a consequence.
Rajeev Chandrasekhar, MP Rajya Sabha

“What is Aadhaar? There is enormous confusion. That Aadhaar will identify people who are entitled for subsidy. No. Aadhaar doesn’t determine who is eligible and who isn’t,” Jairam Ramesh

But Aadhaar has been mythologised during the previous government by its creators into some technology super force that will transform governance in a miraculous manner. I even read an article recently that compared Aadhaar to some revolution and quoted a 1930s historian, Will Durant. Rajeev Chandrasekhar, Rajya Sabha MP

“I know you will say that it is not mandatory. But, it is compulsorily mandatorily voluntary,” Jairam Ramesh, Rajya Saba April 2017


Special

Here is what the Parliament Standing Committee on Finance, which examined the draft N I A Bill said.

1. There is no feasibility study of the project]

2. The project was approved in haste

3. The system has far-reaching consequences for national security

4. The project is directionless with no clarity of purpose

5. It is built on unreliable and untested technology

6. The exercise becomes futile in case the project does not continue beyond the present number of 200 million enrolments

7. There is lack of coordination and difference of views between various departments and ministries of government on the project

Quotes

What was said before the elections:

NPR & UID aiding Aliens – Narendra Modi

"I don't agree to Nandan Nilekeni and his madcap (UID) scheme which he is trying to promote," Senior BJP Leader Yashwant Sinha, Sept 2012

"All we have to show for the hundreds of thousands of crore spent on Aadhar is a Congress ticket for Nilekani" Yashwant Sinha.(27/02/2014)

TV Mohandas Pai, former chief financial officer and head of human resources, tweeted: "selling his soul for power; made his money in the company wedded to meritocracy." Money Life Article

Nilekani’s reporting structure is unprecedented in history; he reports directly to the Prime Minister, thus bypassing all checks and balances in government - Home Minister Chidambaram

To refer to Aadhaar as an anti corruption tool despite overwhelming evidence to the contrary is mystifying. That it is now officially a Rs.50,000 Crores solution searching for an explanation is also without any doubt. -- Statement by Rajeev Chandrasekhar, MP & Member, Standing Committee on Finance

Finance minister P Chidambaram’s statement, in an exit interview to this newspaper, that Aadhaar needs to be re-thought completely is probably the last nail in its coffin. :-) Financial Express

The Rural Development Ministry headed by Jairam Ramesh created a road Block and refused to make Aadhaar mandatory for making wage payment to people enrolled under the world’s largest social security scheme NRGA unless all residents are covered.


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Saturday, August 27, 2016

10306 - Now, newborns to get Aadhaar at birth, courtesy Narendra Modi govt - Financial Express


In a drive to give every citizen the unique identification number (UID) Aadhaar — currently, 80% of the population has exclusive numbers and identity borne out by biometrics...


By: Prasanta Sahu | New Delhi | Updated: August 3, 2016 6:45 AM

NITI Aayog had recently held a meeting with top officials of all states to get them on board for widening of Aadhaar coverage.

In a drive to give every citizen the unique identification number (UID) Aadhaar — currently, 80% of the population has exclusive numbers and identity borne out by biometrics — the Narendra Modi government has asked the states to assign Aadhaar to newborns at the time of their birth registration.

While these numbers will initially be linked to the UIDs of parents, as a child turns five, she/he will be re-enrolled with biometrics of 10 fingers, iris and facial photograph. The biometrics will be updated when the child turns 15.

As per the Registration of Birth and Death Act 2012, it is mandatory to get birth (as also marriage and death) registered at the place of occurrence within a year (failing which the registration can be done only under a magisterial order).

The government’s latest move is in line with the ambitious plan to provide all central-sector and centrally sponsored benefits to people via the direct benefit transfer (DBT) platform, enabled with Aadhaar and the Jan Dhan drive to ensure bank accounts for each household.

NITI Aayog had recently held a meeting with top officials of all states to get them on board for widening of Aadhaar coverage. Besides giving Aadhaar to newborns, the Centre has asked the states to hold enrolment camps twice a year in every anganwadi for children below five years and organise such camps in every school at least twice a year. These will help collect/update biometrics of each student.

The Centre has advised the states to use Aadhaar-based DBT platform for delivery of state-level benefits as provided in Section 7 of the Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and Other Subsidies, Benefits and Services) Act, 2016.
The section provides that the Centre/state may require individuals getting government benefits to undergo authentication or furnish Aadhaar number. The Act was passed by Parliament during the Budget session in the wake of the Supreme Court’s interim order against making Aadhaar mandatory for receiving such benefits.

Keen to utilise the DBT platform to plug leakages in delivery of sundry benefits and doles, the government has already put 74 schemes on the DBT platform. The DBT enabler, JAM (Jan Dhan, Aadhaar and Mobile), has resulted in cumulative savings of R36,500 crore for the Centre in subsidies such as on cooking gas, food, wages under the employment guarantee Act etc. It disbursed R1.3 lakh crore as on June 30 via the DBT facility since January, 2013.

Encouraged by the success of DBT in schemes such as PAHAL for providing subsidised cooking gas, which resulted in savings to the tune of R14,672 crore in FY15 (the CAG later disputed this figure), the Centre has firmed up a timeline to bring all schemes under the platform. So, it plans to implement Aadhaar-linked DBT for all central schemes in Union Territories by September 30, scholarship schemes across the country by November 30 and all central schemes for PDS (food and kerosene), agriculture insurance, rural employment, housing and Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana by March 31, 2017.



The Centre has also asked the states to enlist the help of NGOs, who are getting aid from the government for using their expertise in universalisation of Aadhaar use. The government has also initiated a major technology initiative with features to update beneficiary data regularly and link all existing database across departments at state and central level.

The scope of DBT has been expanded to cover non-monetary transfers (in kind) to various enablers of government schemes like community health workers, anganwadi workers, etc.