uid

When I opposed Aadhaar in 2010 , I was called a BJP stooge. In 2016 I am still opposing Aadhaar for the same reasons and I am told I am a Congress die hard. No one wants to see why I oppose Aadhaar as it is too difficult. Plus Aadhaar is FREE so why not get one ? Ram Krishnaswamy

First they ignore you, then they laugh at you, then they fight you, then you win. -Mahatma Gandhi

In matters of conscience, the law of the majority has no place. Mahatma Gandhi

“The invasion of privacy is of no consequence because privacy is not a fundamental right and has no meaning under Article 21. The right to privacy is not a guaranteed under the constitution, because privacy is not a fundamental right.” Article 21 of the Indian constitution refers to the right to life and liberty -Attorney General Mukul Rohatgi

“There is merit in the complaints. You are unwittingly allowing snooping, harassment and commercial exploitation. The information about an individual obtained by the UIDAI while issuing an Aadhaar card shall not be used for any other purpose, save as above, except as may be directed by a court for the purpose of criminal investigation.” -A three judge bench headed by Justice J Chelameswar said in an interim order.

Legal scholar Usha Ramanathan describes UID as an inverse of sunshine laws like the Right to Information. While the RTI makes the state transparent to the citizen, the UID does the inverse: it makes the citizen transparent to the state, she says.

Good idea gone bad
I have written earlier that UID/Aadhaar was a poorly designed, unreliable and expensive solution to the really good idea of providing national identification for over a billion Indians. My petition contends that UID in its current form violates the right to privacy of a citizen, guaranteed under Article 21 of the Constitution. This is because sensitive biometric and demographic information of citizens are with enrolment agencies, registrars and sub-registrars who have no legal liability for any misuse of this data. This petition has opened up the larger discussion on privacy rights for Indians. The current Article 21 interpretation by the Supreme Court was done decades ago, before the advent of internet and today’s technology and all the new privacy challenges that have arisen as a consequence.
Rajeev Chandrasekhar, MP Rajya Sabha

“What is Aadhaar? There is enormous confusion. That Aadhaar will identify people who are entitled for subsidy. No. Aadhaar doesn’t determine who is eligible and who isn’t,” Jairam Ramesh

But Aadhaar has been mythologised during the previous government by its creators into some technology super force that will transform governance in a miraculous manner. I even read an article recently that compared Aadhaar to some revolution and quoted a 1930s historian, Will Durant. Rajeev Chandrasekhar, Rajya Sabha MP

“I know you will say that it is not mandatory. But, it is compulsorily mandatorily voluntary,” Jairam Ramesh, Rajya Saba April 2017


Special

Here is what the Parliament Standing Committee on Finance, which examined the draft N I A Bill said.

1. There is no feasibility study of the project]

2. The project was approved in haste

3. The system has far-reaching consequences for national security

4. The project is directionless with no clarity of purpose

5. It is built on unreliable and untested technology

6. The exercise becomes futile in case the project does not continue beyond the present number of 200 million enrolments

7. There is lack of coordination and difference of views between various departments and ministries of government on the project

Quotes

What was said before the elections:

NPR & UID aiding Aliens – Narendra Modi

"I don't agree to Nandan Nilekeni and his madcap (UID) scheme which he is trying to promote," Senior BJP Leader Yashwant Sinha, Sept 2012

"All we have to show for the hundreds of thousands of crore spent on Aadhar is a Congress ticket for Nilekani" Yashwant Sinha.(27/02/2014)

TV Mohandas Pai, former chief financial officer and head of human resources, tweeted: "selling his soul for power; made his money in the company wedded to meritocracy." Money Life Article

Nilekani’s reporting structure is unprecedented in history; he reports directly to the Prime Minister, thus bypassing all checks and balances in government - Home Minister Chidambaram

To refer to Aadhaar as an anti corruption tool despite overwhelming evidence to the contrary is mystifying. That it is now officially a Rs.50,000 Crores solution searching for an explanation is also without any doubt. -- Statement by Rajeev Chandrasekhar, MP & Member, Standing Committee on Finance

Finance minister P Chidambaram’s statement, in an exit interview to this newspaper, that Aadhaar needs to be re-thought completely is probably the last nail in its coffin. :-) Financial Express

The Rural Development Ministry headed by Jairam Ramesh created a road Block and refused to make Aadhaar mandatory for making wage payment to people enrolled under the world’s largest social security scheme NRGA unless all residents are covered.


Search This Blog

Friday, January 20, 2017

10711 - India Stack is the key technology platform that could transform India into a cashless economy - First Post


By tech2 News Staff /  12 Dec 2016 , 12:35

The sudden demonetisation of high value currency notes might have come as a shock, but the Government has been working towards making India a cashless economy for at least seven years. The India Stack is a set of APIs that allow governments and private companies to deploy cashless and paperless technology products. The stack comprises of APIs that are independently maintained by their owners, but the India Stack as a whole drives adoption by developers by organising events.
The Aadhaar card is the main enabler for these services, allowing easy authentication and supporting cashless transactions. Documents stored in a digital locker allows companies to quickly give customers insurance coverage, allow customers to invest in mutual funds, and give out education loans to students. With Aadhaar card, e-KYC and e-Sign, Reliance Jio is able to provide customers with sims in under five minutes, a process that took anywhere between three to five days. This is a better experience for the customer.

The stack consists of UIDAI, a unique identification number that is linked to biometric readings of the individual. Aadhaar is the world’s largest national identity project. The e-KYC project was added to Aadhaar based on industry feedback. This allows companies and organisations to get instant verification of customers along with date of birth and residence address. The National Payment Corporation of India developed the Aadhaar Enabled Payments System (AEPS). AEPS improves financial inclusion, allows small retail outlets to go cashless, allows disbursement of government entitlements, facilitates bank to bank fund transfer in a safe manner, and is the foundation for a full range of banking services.
The National Payment Corporation of India also launched and maintains the Unified Payment Interface. The UPI system allows for both a pay request, where a customer sends funds to a beneficiary, and a collect request where a customer can request payment from a remitter. A virtual id is used to process the transactions, which is similar to an e-mail address. Adoption of UPI is important to get India to trade and transact digitally.
eSign is an API to facilitate Aadhaar card holders to digitally sign documents. The authentication supported is through biometric readings or a one-time password. The eSign API hopes to remove a lot of paperwork from the authentication process, as well as provide a legally valid signing mechanism. eSign is managed by the Controller of Certifying Authorities, a part of the Ministry of Electronics and Information technology. DigiLocker is a Government of India repository for documents. Users sign up for the service, link to Aadhaar card, upload their documents, eSign them, and share the documents on request.

UIDAI, e-KYC, AEPS, UPI, eSign and DigiLocker form the India Stack. There are four layers in the stack, the consent layer, the cashless layer, the paperless layer and the presence less layer. Each layer is designed to operate independently of the others. The APIs can be used for any kind of hardware, from desktops, to mobile phones, to wearables. Access to each API requires a sign up for that particular service, and there are various payment models.