uid

When I opposed Aadhaar in 2010 , I was called a BJP stooge. In 2016 I am still opposing Aadhaar for the same reasons and I am told I am a Congress die hard. No one wants to see why I oppose Aadhaar as it is too difficult. Plus Aadhaar is FREE so why not get one ? Ram Krishnaswamy

First they ignore you, then they laugh at you, then they fight you, then you win. -Mahatma Gandhi

In matters of conscience, the law of the majority has no place. Mahatma Gandhi

“The invasion of privacy is of no consequence because privacy is not a fundamental right and has no meaning under Article 21. The right to privacy is not a guaranteed under the constitution, because privacy is not a fundamental right.” Article 21 of the Indian constitution refers to the right to life and liberty -Attorney General Mukul Rohatgi

“There is merit in the complaints. You are unwittingly allowing snooping, harassment and commercial exploitation. The information about an individual obtained by the UIDAI while issuing an Aadhaar card shall not be used for any other purpose, save as above, except as may be directed by a court for the purpose of criminal investigation.” -A three judge bench headed by Justice J Chelameswar said in an interim order.

Legal scholar Usha Ramanathan describes UID as an inverse of sunshine laws like the Right to Information. While the RTI makes the state transparent to the citizen, the UID does the inverse: it makes the citizen transparent to the state, she says.

Good idea gone bad
I have written earlier that UID/Aadhaar was a poorly designed, unreliable and expensive solution to the really good idea of providing national identification for over a billion Indians. My petition contends that UID in its current form violates the right to privacy of a citizen, guaranteed under Article 21 of the Constitution. This is because sensitive biometric and demographic information of citizens are with enrolment agencies, registrars and sub-registrars who have no legal liability for any misuse of this data. This petition has opened up the larger discussion on privacy rights for Indians. The current Article 21 interpretation by the Supreme Court was done decades ago, before the advent of internet and today’s technology and all the new privacy challenges that have arisen as a consequence.
Rajeev Chandrasekhar, MP Rajya Sabha

“What is Aadhaar? There is enormous confusion. That Aadhaar will identify people who are entitled for subsidy. No. Aadhaar doesn’t determine who is eligible and who isn’t,” Jairam Ramesh

But Aadhaar has been mythologised during the previous government by its creators into some technology super force that will transform governance in a miraculous manner. I even read an article recently that compared Aadhaar to some revolution and quoted a 1930s historian, Will Durant. Rajeev Chandrasekhar, Rajya Sabha MP

“I know you will say that it is not mandatory. But, it is compulsorily mandatorily voluntary,” Jairam Ramesh, Rajya Saba April 2017.

August 24, 2017: The nine-judge Constitution Bench rules that right to privacy is “intrinsic to life and liberty” and is inherently protected under the various fundamental freedoms enshrined under Part III of the Indian Constitution

"Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the World; indeed it's the only thing that ever has"

“Arguing that you don’t care about the right to privacy because you have nothing to hide is no different than saying you don’t care about free speech because you have nothing to say.” - Edward Snowden

Special

Here is what the Parliament Standing Committee on Finance, which examined the draft N I A Bill said.

1. There is no feasibility study of the project]

2. The project was approved in haste

3. The system has far-reaching consequences for national security

4. The project is directionless with no clarity of purpose

5. It is built on unreliable and untested technology

6. The exercise becomes futile in case the project does not continue beyond the present number of 200 million enrolments

7. There is lack of coordination and difference of views between various departments and ministries of government on the project

Quotes

What was said before the elections:

NPR & UID aiding Aliens – Narendra Modi

"I don't agree to Nandan Nilekeni and his madcap (UID) scheme which he is trying to promote," Senior BJP Leader Yashwant Sinha, Sept 2012

"All we have to show for the hundreds of thousands of crore spent on Aadhar is a Congress ticket for Nilekani" Yashwant Sinha.(27/02/2014)

TV Mohandas Pai, former chief financial officer and head of human resources, tweeted: "selling his soul for power; made his money in the company wedded to meritocracy." Money Life Article

Nilekani’s reporting structure is unprecedented in history; he reports directly to the Prime Minister, thus bypassing all checks and balances in government - Home Minister Chidambaram

To refer to Aadhaar as an anti corruption tool despite overwhelming evidence to the contrary is mystifying. That it is now officially a Rs.50,000 Crores solution searching for an explanation is also without any doubt. -- Statement by Rajeev Chandrasekhar, MP & Member, Standing Committee on Finance

Finance minister P Chidambaram’s statement, in an exit interview to this newspaper, that Aadhaar needs to be re-thought completely is probably the last nail in its coffin. :-) Financial Express

The Rural Development Ministry headed by Jairam Ramesh created a road Block and refused to make Aadhaar mandatory for making wage payment to people enrolled under the world’s largest social security scheme NRGA unless all residents are covered.


Thursday, April 20, 2017

11077 - Here's a complete list of what Aadhaar is and will be needed for - ZEEBIZ



Screen grab from Aadhaar card advertisement. Image Source: Youtube

It all started with the passing of the Aadhaar Act 2016 by Lok Sabha last year which was initially aimed to provide legal backing to the unique identification number project.

“An Act to provide for, as a good governance, efficient, transparent, and targeted delivery of subsidies, benefits and services, the expenditure for which is incurred from the Consolidated Fund of India, to individuals residing in India through assigning of unique identity numbers to such individuals and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto,” the Act read.

The NDA government chose to introduce the Aadhaar Bill, 2016 as a Money Bill this year in parliament and the Lok Sabha, which had the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) government in majority cleared the Bill and passed it to the Rajya Sabha.

In March this year, a debate began in parliament over the controversial Money Bill as the Rajya Sabha rejected it even though the Lok Sabha continued to back it.

Opposition parties’ main concern for not passing the bill was the issue of mass surveillance through its introduction, which was also an issue raised by former CM of Gujarat and current Prime Minister, Narendra Modi.

On Aadhaar, neither the Team that I met nor PM could answer my Qs on security threat it can pose. There is no vision, only political gimmick

“Any important legislation has to be approved by both houses of parliament before it can become the law of the land, which is why, failing its passage in the Rajya Sabha, the Land Acquisition ordinance has still not become permanently legally binding,” a report by The Citizen said on April 2.

However, since the Act was passed last year the government has moved to make the quoting of the UID for several schemes mandatory despite Supreme Court’s orders that ruled otherwise on March 27.

Aadhaar mandatory for these schemes as listed by Hindustan Times report

1. Mandatory for Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) Applications
2. No Aadhaar, No Employee Provident Fund
3. Availing benefits under the Public Distribution System (PDS)
4. For availing crop cnsurance for farmers under Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana
5. Aadhaar needed for ‘Housing for all’ under Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana – Gramin
6. For Subsidies under Horticulture & Other Board for individuals who wish to avail subsidies under National Horticulture Board, Coconut Development Board & Central Institute for Horticulture, Nagaland, sub-schemes of Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture need an Aadhaar number.
7. National Apprenticeship Programme for those availing of the government scheme that provides 25% of the stipend paid to apprentices will also require Aadhaar authentication.
8. Staff training at Anganwadi centres
9. For conducting Yoga classes under Grih Kalyan Kendra.
10. Availing sports facilities under Grih Kalyan Kendra.
11. Aadhaar for Grih Kalyan Kendra employees
12. For coaching academies, summer camps by the Central Civil Services Cultural and Sports Board
13. Availing scholarship by 9-12 class students
14. Rural poor youth availing benefits of Deen Dayal Yojana
15. For staff of National Mission of Empowerment
16. To get latrine subsidies under Individual Household Latrine (IHHL).
17. Central sector and scholarship scheme for college and university students
18. Those availing training under e-Panchayat
19. For soil health management scheme under National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture.
20. Adult education under Saakshar Bharat
21. For education of disabled children under the scheme Inclusive Development of Disabled at the Secondary Stage under Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan.
22. Receiving remuneration under the Integrated Child Development Scheme.
23. Receiving of Maternity Benefit
24. Female victims of ‘unfortunate' circumstances’: The scheme that provides institutional support to female victims of unfortunate circumstances will also require Aadhaar numbers.
25. For victims of trafficking and rescue: Under the Ujjawala scheme that aims to prevent trafficking and rescue, rehabilitation and reintegration of victims of sexual exploitation will have to undergo Aadhaar authentication.
26. Those availing employment under 16 years scheme by the government
27. Scheme for Adolescent girls that provides food, healthcare and life skills to adolescent girls.
28. National Carrier Services
29. Student scholarship for children of beedi workers, cine workers, iron-mangnese-chome ore workers and limestone and dolmite workers.
30. Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHA)
31. Staff involved in National Health Mission
32. Mid Day Meal Scheme
33. Schemes for the Protection of Civil Rights Act, 1955 and the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989
34. Dr Ambedkar Scheme of Interest Subsidy on educational loans for Overseas Studies for OBC and EBC Students
35. Operation of certain schemes through eligible NGOs
36. Schemes to aid entrepreneurs from a SC background
37. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan
38. Army, Navy, Air Force Pensions
39. Central Scholarship Schemes for students with disabilities
40. Skills Training of Persons with Disabilities
41. National Water Mission
42. Scheme of Assistance to Disabled Persons for assistive devices (ADIP)
43. Compensation for Bhopal Gas victims
44. Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY)
45. Scholarship Scheme of Satyajit Ray Films and Television Institute, Kolkata
46. Journalist Welfare Scheme through Press Information Bureau
47. Bonded Labour Rehabilitation Scheme
48. Schemes to aid the students in education, and research in science and technology development within the age group of 10 to 32 years
49. Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (NHM,HMNEH,NABM)
50. “Per Drop More Crop” component of the Prime Minister Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY)
51. Self Employment Scheme for Rehabilitation of Manual Scavengers (SRMS)
52. Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)
53. Permanent Account Number (PAN) card
54. Income tax returns
55. Agri-Clinics and Agri-Business Centres (AC&ABC)
56. Mobile phone connection
57. National Handicraft Development Programme (NHDP)
58. State Extension Programmes for Extension Reforms under ATMA

Aadhaar a possibility for these too?
1. Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) nutrition: The government is mulling how to integrate the ICDS system which provides supplementary nutrition is provided in the form of Take Home Rations to children 6-36 months and pregnant and lactating mothers.
The government said that it was looking at ways to substitute this with cash transfers.
2. Supplementary Nutrition provided at Anganwadi Centres: The scheme provides hot meals for children aged 3-6 years. However the government said that till Aadhaar number is assigned to individuals the benefit will continue to be given through ‘alternative means’ of identification.
“For children upto age of six years, Birth Certificate or any of the specified documents such as production of request for enrolment under Aadhaar or slip issued thereof, Bank pass book, Voter ID card, Ration Card, Kisan photo pass book, Pan card, MGNREGS job card, etc. can be produced as proof of relationship of child with the parent/legal guardian, etc,” the government said.
3. Driving license: Aadhaar numbers could become mandatory for checking multiple driving licences.
4. Rail ticket: The Centre has also been mulling linking booking of rail tickets online with Aadhaar cards.
5. Air ticket: Providing of Aadhaar numbers before passengers take off on flights has also been discussed by the government.

Aadhaar in numbers
As per the government of  India's estimates, 112,01,12,468 Aadhaar cards have been issued since January 2009.

Information Technology Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad said in a reply to Parliament discussion on Aadhaar that  -- 43.4 crore bank accounts linked with Aadhaar. 69.9 crore LPG connections linked with Aadhaar. 17.51 crore ration cards linked with Aadhaar. 868.69 crore MGNREGA accounts linked with Aadhaar. 1.04 crore passports linked with Aadhaar, 1.08 crore PAN cards, 48 lakh pensioners are receiving pension with their Aadhaar cards.