Aadhaar

The UIDAI has taken two successive governments in India and the entire world for a ride. It identifies nothing. It is not unique. The entire UID data has never been verified and audited. The UID cannot be used for governance, financial databases or anything. It’s use is the biggest threat to national security since independence. – Anupam Saraph 2018

When I opposed Aadhaar in 2010 , I was called a BJP stooge. In 2016 I am still opposing Aadhaar for the same reasons and I am told I am a Congress die hard. No one wants to see why I oppose Aadhaar as it is too difficult. Plus Aadhaar is FREE so why not get one ? Ram Krishnaswamy

First they ignore you, then they laugh at you, then they fight you, then you win.-Mahatma Gandhi

In matters of conscience, the law of the majority has no place.Mahatma Gandhi

“The invasion of privacy is of no consequence because privacy is not a fundamental right and has no meaning under Article 21. The right to privacy is not a guaranteed under the constitution, because privacy is not a fundamental right.” Article 21 of the Indian constitution refers to the right to life and liberty -Attorney General Mukul Rohatgi

“There is merit in the complaints. You are unwittingly allowing snooping, harassment and commercial exploitation. The information about an individual obtained by the UIDAI while issuing an Aadhaar card shall not be used for any other purpose, save as above, except as may be directed by a court for the purpose of criminal investigation.”-A three judge bench headed by Justice J Chelameswar said in an interim order.

Legal scholarUsha Ramanathandescribes UID as an inverse of sunshine laws like the Right to Information. While the RTI makes the state transparent to the citizen, the UID does the inverse: it makes the citizen transparent to the state, she says.

Good idea gone bad
I have written earlier that UID/Aadhaar was a poorly designed, unreliable and expensive solution to the really good idea of providing national identification for over a billion Indians. My petition contends that UID in its current form violates the right to privacy of a citizen, guaranteed under Article 21 of the Constitution. This is because sensitive biometric and demographic information of citizens are with enrolment agencies, registrars and sub-registrars who have no legal liability for any misuse of this data. This petition has opened up the larger discussion on privacy rights for Indians. The current Article 21 interpretation by the Supreme Court was done decades ago, before the advent of internet and today’s technology and all the new privacy challenges that have arisen as a consequence.Rajeev Chandrasekhar, MP Rajya Sabha

“What is Aadhaar? There is enormous confusion. That Aadhaar will identify people who are entitled for subsidy. No. Aadhaar doesn’t determine who is eligible and who isn’t,” Jairam Ramesh

But Aadhaar has been mythologised during the previous government by its creators into some technology super force that will transform governance in a miraculous manner. I even read an article recently that compared Aadhaar to some revolution and quoted a 1930s historian, Will Durant.Rajeev Chandrasekhar, Rajya Sabha MP

“I know you will say that it is not mandatory. But, it is compulsorily mandatorily voluntary,” Jairam Ramesh, Rajya Saba April 2017.

August 24, 2017: The nine-judge Constitution Bench rules that right to privacy is “intrinsic to life and liberty”and is inherently protected under the various fundamental freedoms enshrined under Part III of the Indian Constitution

"Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the World; indeed it's the only thing that ever has"

“Arguing that you don’t care about the right to privacy because you have nothing to hide is no different than saying you don’t care about free speech because you have nothing to say.” -Edward Snowden

In the Supreme Court, Meenakshi Arora, one of the senior counsel in the case, compared it to living under a general, perpetual, nation-wide criminal warrant.

Had never thought of it that way, but living in the Aadhaar universe is like living in a prison. All of us are treated like criminals with barely any rights or recourse and gatekeepers have absolute power on you and your life.

Announcing the launch of the#BreakAadhaarChainscampaign, culminating with events in multiple cities on 12th Jan. This is the last opportunity to make your voice heard before the Supreme Court hearings start on 17th Jan 2018. In collaboration with @no2uidand@rozi_roti.

UIDAI's security seems to be founded on four time tested pillars of security idiocy

1) Denial

2) Issue fiats and point finger

3) Shoot messenger

4) Bury head in sand.

God Save India

Friday, May 4, 2018

13451 - Cybersecurity is everyone's job, says McAfee's Christopher Young - FORBES INDIA

McAfee's Christopher Young and Anand Ramamoorthy on the need of 'culture of security' for companies

PUBLISHED: May 3, 2018


Christopher Young (left) and Anand Ramamoorthy
Image: Aditi Tailang


There is a high degree of awareness and maturity in India regarding cybersecurity, says Christopher Young, CEO, McAfee. The head of the global device-to-cloud cybersecurity company spoke to Forbes India along with Anand Ramamoorthy, managing director, South Asia. They discussed Aadhaar, McAfee’s India plans and the role of the CEO in the age of cyber-threats. Edited excerpts:

Q. What are the key reasons for the rise in cybercrimes over the past few years?
Young:
Cryptocurrency has spawned a whole series of ransomware attacks, [which block access to private data on a personal computer until a ransom is paid]. These attacks are easier to implement than a broader data breach. In a data breach, an attacker has to break into a cyber environment, steal and extract information and then they must sell or monetise it. Whereas ransomware is a direct transaction—you infect a user’s machine or machines, collect a ransom and that is monetised.

Q. What do you think of India’s Aadhaar programme from a cybersecurity standpoint?
Young:
The intent of the [Aadhaar] initiative is to provide a mechanism for developing and protecting digital identities. Like with anything where you have information and data that is sensitive, it’s got risks. Those risks need to be managed, they have to be secured, but I look at those things as a net positive. The society has to move forward. We cannot move forward if we don’t try new things. No organisation, no society, no country is going to survive if they try to do everything on paper. We’ve got to have better digital identity systems.

Anand Ramamoorthy: It’s always a question of greater good over challenges. Which other country has biometric data of 1.2 billion people that is being effectively used for downstream services? I think there is going to be innovation around how to use it more effectively, and how to cleanse it. Just because you have a car accident, you don’t stop driving. There is absolutely no question about the need for Aadhaar or the value that it provides.

Q. Then how can Aadhaar be made breach-proof?
Anand:
Broadly, what are the elements at play here? You have a database; so you could have database protection, and you are looking at the whole life cycle of how you capture data in the first place, which is where we have some concerns. This is all in the public domain. When biometrics are taken from 1.2 billion people in the country, the process can get leaky, depending on how you take the data, how you locally store it, when is it uploaded, who tracks it. So the data integrity part in this is certainly critical.

The good part is, if you look at the kind of people involved in Aadhaar, UID, GST and all these iconic projects, it’s a great mix of private and public. With Nandan Nilekani, who is a technology veteran, conceiving the whole programme; that kind of collaboration ensures that you bring the best-in-class technologies to the mix. And they have that. We look at Aadhaar as an amazing cornerstone of Indian technology.

Q. In the context of the recent Facebook debacle, should India (and other nations) enact new rules?
Young:
There’s a lot of open space underneath that question. The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is a good example of European Union moving to give consumers more control over their data; more control over their information. I expect governments to become more actively engaged in making sure that social media sites are enabling their users to really understand where their information is being stored, how it’s being used.

Q. On a scale of 0-10, how cybersecure is India?
Young:
India might be a developing country relative to the West, but I see quite a high degree of sophistication amongst Indian companies and the government. If you think about it, a lot of Indian systems integrators (SIs) are providing security services and solutions to some of the most demanding companies and governments around the world. The companies here are buying the same products and services that are being bought in the West. I do see a strong amount of focus on cybersecurity across the board, and that’s encouraging because it starts with awareness, then it’s about priority and then about action. If you think about the maturity curve of cybersecurity, in India you’ve got a good level of awareness.

Anand:
There was a recent survey, where India was ranked No 10 in terms of overall security posture, which is a combination of investments, regulations and deployment, which is clearly a reflection of what Chris said. But we are also innovating very differently. A good example is our whole digital wallet revolution, where the mobile phone becomes the centre of the universe as a medium for all transactions. And then we have a new industry coming up in India, cyber-insurance. These are all indicators of maturity.

Q. How are things looking up for you in India?
Young: India represents a really important market for us on a variety of levels. It’s a market for us in terms of businesses and customers that we work with; that's both true in the corporate government space as well as on the consumer side. We work with a number of Indian SIs that are very global in nature. We have thousands of people here across McAfee. We have consistently grown our teams here in high single-digits and we expect to continue to grow in India over the foreseeable future. We have added a lot of functions here, not just technical people. We have got services people; we have business analytics and HR teams that are here. So we are doing a lot in the country.

Q. How critical is the CEO’s role in creating a cyber-security culture in a company?
Young: One of the most important jobs of a CEO of any company, is you are responsible for the culture and priorities of the company. Culture is a function of priorities. You’ve got to have not just tools and tech, but also a culture of security. Meaning, you understand it, you’ve prioritised it and you actually have goals, measurements and you have action in and around it. Cyber-security is everyone’s job in the organisation.

Five years ago, cybersecurity wasn’t really thought of as the CEO’s problem. Now, if you ask CEOs what are the top five things that keep them up at night, cyberattacks are likely to make that list.