Haider Naqvi, Hindustan Times, Kanpur
The report stated that the websites of financial institutions and government establishments were particularly vulnerable to attacks. “The danger of cyber crime is looming large on the defence, education and telecom sectors. Around 164 government websites were hacked in 2015,” it added.
Agarwal and Shukla noted that while the government initiated a number of post-demonetisation programmes aimed at digitising the economy, the cyber-security centres set up by the Reserve Bank of India were found lacking on several fronts.
The Reserve Bank of India has often approached premier technical institutes, including IIT-Kanpur, for expert opinion on cyber centres. However, they are unable to engage on cyber-security research due to lack of experts. Sources said there were just three to four cyber-security experts across all the IITs in India, and two of them were based at the Kanpur facility.
“The government and private sector partnership system in cyber security also lacks experts. Such partnership centres require updated technology and highly skilled cyber experts,” the study said, advising Indian banks and government agencies to engage top cyber-security experts for creating a layer of advanced protection that was missing in most financial institutions.
The report also pointed out that the Computer Emergency Response Team-India, formed to handle cyber exigencies, is in need of an immediate revamp because it does not have sufficient inter-disciplinary connections.