uid

When I opposed Aadhaar in 2010 , I was called a BJP stooge. In 2016 I am still opposing Aadhaar for the same reasons and I am told I am a Congress die hard. No one wants to see why I oppose Aadhaar as it is too difficult. Plus Aadhaar is FREE so why not get one ? Ram Krishnaswamy

First they ignore you, then they laugh at you, then they fight you, then you win. -Mahatma Gandhi

In matters of conscience, the law of the majority has no place. Mahatma Gandhi

“The invasion of privacy is of no consequence because privacy is not a fundamental right and has no meaning under Article 21. The right to privacy is not a guaranteed under the constitution, because privacy is not a fundamental right.” Article 21 of the Indian constitution refers to the right to life and liberty -Attorney General Mukul Rohatgi

“There is merit in the complaints. You are unwittingly allowing snooping, harassment and commercial exploitation. The information about an individual obtained by the UIDAI while issuing an Aadhaar card shall not be used for any other purpose, save as above, except as may be directed by a court for the purpose of criminal investigation.” -A three judge bench headed by Justice J Chelameswar said in an interim order.

Legal scholar Usha Ramanathan describes UID as an inverse of sunshine laws like the Right to Information. While the RTI makes the state transparent to the citizen, the UID does the inverse: it makes the citizen transparent to the state, she says.

Good idea gone bad
I have written earlier that UID/Aadhaar was a poorly designed, unreliable and expensive solution to the really good idea of providing national identification for over a billion Indians. My petition contends that UID in its current form violates the right to privacy of a citizen, guaranteed under Article 21 of the Constitution. This is because sensitive biometric and demographic information of citizens are with enrolment agencies, registrars and sub-registrars who have no legal liability for any misuse of this data. This petition has opened up the larger discussion on privacy rights for Indians. The current Article 21 interpretation by the Supreme Court was done decades ago, before the advent of internet and today’s technology and all the new privacy challenges that have arisen as a consequence.
Rajeev Chandrasekhar, MP Rajya Sabha

“What is Aadhaar? There is enormous confusion. That Aadhaar will identify people who are entitled for subsidy. No. Aadhaar doesn’t determine who is eligible and who isn’t,” Jairam Ramesh

But Aadhaar has been mythologised during the previous government by its creators into some technology super force that will transform governance in a miraculous manner. I even read an article recently that compared Aadhaar to some revolution and quoted a 1930s historian, Will Durant. Rajeev Chandrasekhar, Rajya Sabha MP

“I know you will say that it is not mandatory. But, it is compulsorily mandatorily voluntary,” Jairam Ramesh, Rajya Saba April 2017


Special

Here is what the Parliament Standing Committee on Finance, which examined the draft N I A Bill said.

1. There is no feasibility study of the project]

2. The project was approved in haste

3. The system has far-reaching consequences for national security

4. The project is directionless with no clarity of purpose

5. It is built on unreliable and untested technology

6. The exercise becomes futile in case the project does not continue beyond the present number of 200 million enrolments

7. There is lack of coordination and difference of views between various departments and ministries of government on the project

Quotes

What was said before the elections:

NPR & UID aiding Aliens – Narendra Modi

"I don't agree to Nandan Nilekeni and his madcap (UID) scheme which he is trying to promote," Senior BJP Leader Yashwant Sinha, Sept 2012

"All we have to show for the hundreds of thousands of crore spent on Aadhar is a Congress ticket for Nilekani" Yashwant Sinha.(27/02/2014)

TV Mohandas Pai, former chief financial officer and head of human resources, tweeted: "selling his soul for power; made his money in the company wedded to meritocracy." Money Life Article

Nilekani’s reporting structure is unprecedented in history; he reports directly to the Prime Minister, thus bypassing all checks and balances in government - Home Minister Chidambaram

To refer to Aadhaar as an anti corruption tool despite overwhelming evidence to the contrary is mystifying. That it is now officially a Rs.50,000 Crores solution searching for an explanation is also without any doubt. -- Statement by Rajeev Chandrasekhar, MP & Member, Standing Committee on Finance

Finance minister P Chidambaram’s statement, in an exit interview to this newspaper, that Aadhaar needs to be re-thought completely is probably the last nail in its coffin. :-) Financial Express

The Rural Development Ministry headed by Jairam Ramesh created a road Block and refused to make Aadhaar mandatory for making wage payment to people enrolled under the world’s largest social security scheme NRGA unless all residents are covered.


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Monday, March 21, 2016

9586 - Aadhaar-linked LPG: Govt says Rs 15,000 cr saved, survey says only Rs 14 cr in FY15 - Business Standard



Research says Aadhaar was not necessary for de-duplication exercise
Nitin Sethi  |  New Delhi 
March 18, 2016 Last Updated at 12:00 IS


What has been the net benefit that arose out of using Aadhaar within the Direct Benefits Transfer of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) or PAHAL scheme as it is now called? Research done by the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) says the benefit from Aadhaar in the scheme through de-duplication of records was at best limited to Rs 12-14 crore in 2014-15 and about Rs 120.90 crore in 2015-16, that, too, before accounting for any additional costs.

NOT LINKED
Research done by International Institute for Sustainable Development says the benefit from Aadhaar in the PAHAL scheme through de-duplication of records was about Rs 120.90 crore in 2015-16, that, too, before accounting for any additional costs

Nandan Nilekani wrote in The Indian Express on March 9 that there was “visible evidence of its utility with Rs 10,000 crore-plus savings in LPG subsidy in one year alone”

This is in sharp contrast to the figures quoted by the government or the founder of Aadhaar. Nandan Nilekani wrote in The Indian Express on March 9 that there was "visible evidence of its utility with Rs 10,000 crore-plus savings in LPG subsidy in one year alone". He was quoted on December 7, 2015 in The Indian Express as saying, "The government has also saved $2.5 billion in one year by linking LPG users to Aadhaar numbers." Recently, in a debate in the Lok Sabha, Finance Minister Arun Jaitley said, "Today, by just using the technology and targeting the subsidy, in the initial stages itself, the saving for the central government has been Rs 15,000 crore." He was also speaking on the use of Aadhaar in the LPG distribution scheme.

IISD's researcher Kieran Clarke, in his paper, "More ghost savings: Understanding fiscal impact of India's direct transfer program - Update", has argued that the government has miscalculated the savings by crediting the Aadhaar platform for the work that oil marketing companies (OMCs) had already done of weeding out duplicates and ghost customers before Aadhaar or DBTL was introduced. He concludes that the list-based weeding out of duplicates by the OMCs was 15-20 times more effective in identifying irregular connections than the Aadhaar system. He summarises, "It is the connection regularisation program, which in no way required the introduction of either DBTL or Aadhaar, which has overwhelmingly been responsible for the identification and removal of invalid connections and associated consumption."

Reacting to the study, Dr A B P Pandey, director general and mission director of Unique Identification Authority of India said, "It is not possible to segregate and say how much Aadhaar achieved and how much was achieved otherwise by OMCs. We have to look at it as a whole collective exercise that began in 2012. But, without Aadhaar the benefits of de-duplication and weeding out would be temporary. Aadhaar has ensured that those who were weeded out don't come back in."

He also said, "Everyone knew then that Aadhaar is being introduced and it would catch people so they did their task more diligently."

Clarke, besides citing data of how the OMCs identified duplicate connections and then weeded a substantial part out, also cites the S G Dhande committee report of May 2014 which stated that "In the 291 districts covered under DBTL, 618,000 duplicate connections were identified out of over 40 million LPG consumers who provided Aadhaar numbers." He also cites the government of India's affidavit in July 2015 to the Supreme Court while advocating Aadhaar which notes that IOCL checked LPG connections against 80.8 million cards and found 800,000 instances of duplicate connections.

Clarke in his report states that by March 2012, the OMCs had already blocked 3.8 million connections and by November 2012 the OMCS had "therefore identified (through a process unconnected to DBTL or Aadhaar) at least 26.6 million potential multiple connections and of these blocked 5.3 million with a further 21.3 million potential connections undergoing a process of verification."

He writes that by May 2013, the government noted it had blocked 6.3 million duplicate connections, raising the total identified and blocked connections to at least 15.2 million which continued to be reported by the OMCs as part of the total connections given at that time. By March 2015, the number had risen to 12.7 million multiple connections - roughly half of the 26.6 million potential multiple connections identified in November 2012.

Using finance ministry's figures, Clarke notes, "As of April 2015, there were 85 million LPG customers linked to Aadhaar - over half of whom had been linked as part of previous implementation of DBTL by UPA government in 2013-14." He draws the assumption from it that approximately 35 million connections were newly linked to Aadhaar prior to April 1, 2015 through the PAHAL scheme by current government. Calculating the differential monthly per-cylinder subsidy rates, he also assumes that potentially irregular connections were identified and cancelled right at registration. Based on these assumptions, and not including the cost of implementing Aadhaar in DBTL, he concludes that roughly Rs 12-14 crore was saved in 2014-15 through the Aadhaar-based de-duplication process. Doing a similar exercise for 2015-16, Clarke assesses the savings in 2015-16 to be around Rs 120.90 crore.


"Aadhaar seeding is still going on. One cannot assess the total benefits of Aadhaar in the schemes before the exercise is completed. To derive the benefits of the de-duplication Aadhaar is essential. Or, just like it has always happened in the ration cards, you shall see ghost connections resurfacing every two years after the weeding exercise," Pande explained. "There is no system better equipped to deal with ghost cards than Aadhaar," he added.